Vol. 8 No. 4 , 2001
National Identity
This double issue on national identity is devoted to a weighty subject that is crucial for all of us in this region. National identity is often a force that dominates conflict between peoples, not least in the Palestinian-Israeli confrontation. Nevertheless, it can also be a concept that provides meaning and motivation for people everywhere to conduct an active struggle for the realization of shared ideas, emotions and values.
While in its modern meaning, national identity emerged only in the last two hundred years, the concept of nation has been in use for more than two thousands years. It originated in ancient times, especially in association with the city-state concept. The word used in English, "nation," derives from Latin "to be born." Today, national identity does not only imply self-categorization as a member of a "nation" or self-identification with a nation. Other key elements construct (in Benedict Anderson's words) an "imagined community," including a sense of belonging
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Table of Contents
  1. Identities: Conflict or Conciliation? ( )

    By Daniel Bar-Tal Vol. 8 No. 4 2001
  2. Focus
  3. Statement by PIJ: At the Edge of an Abyss ( )

    Vol. 8 No. 4 2001
  4. Conference Report ( )

    Vol. 8 No. 4 2001
  5. Quest for Dialogue: An Italian View ( )

    By Antonio Badini Vol. 8 No. 4 2001
  6. Inter-Jewish Challenges to Israeli Identity ( )
    Basic changes in Israeli society since 1948 have eroded the status of the old Labor elite, opening the way to fierce conflict between religious and liberal conceptions of Israeli national identity.
    By Yoav Peled Vol. 8 No. 4 2001
  7. Reflections on Writing the History of Palestinian Identity ( )
    A nation’s narration presents both a vision of the past and a foundation for viewing the future, though the construction of Palestinian identity poses other challenges
    By Issam Nassar Vol. 8 No. 4 2001
  8. Borderline Collective Consciousness ( )
    The symbolic role of the border for Israeli identity underlines Israeli notions for unilateral separation.
    By Dani Rabinowitz Vol. 8 No. 4 2001
  9. Historical Dynamics Shaping Palestinian National Identity ( )
    The historical and ideological forces that shaped Palestinian national identity from the beginning of the twentieth century to the Al Aqsa Intifada.
    By Manuel Hassassian Vol. 8 No. 4 2001
  10. Outsiders’ Identities: Are the Realities of "Inside Palestinians" Reconcilable? ( )
    The essence of the Palestinian Israeli experience since the establishment of Israel has been rejection, exclusion and inequality. The events of October 2000 may have caused irreparable damage to a frayed relationship.
    By Nadim Rouhana Vol. 8 No. 4 2001
  11. Parallel Strategies in Israeli and Palestinian Experience ( )
    As historical traumas and experiences of victimization, the Jewish Shoah (holocaust) and the Palestinian Nakba (disaster) sanctioned the passage to homogeneity.
    By Ada Lonni Vol. 8 No. 4 2001
  12. Jewishness and Israeliness ( )
    For both the religious and secularists, Israeliness has come to be considered outside of Jewishness and Jewishness outside of Israeliness.
    By Eliezer Schweid Vol. 8 No. 4 2001
  13. Separating Religion from National Identity: Interview ( )
    How the link between religion and nationality is unhealthy and immoral, and why nationality cannot depend on religion.
    By Avraham B.Yehoshua Vol. 8 No. 4 2001
  14. Israel’s Shifting Identity ( )
    The myth of Israel as the "state of the Jewish people" may in the course of time give way to Israel as the "state of its citizens."
    By Boas Evron Vol. 8 No. 4 2001
  15. The Cana’anite Factor: (Un) Defining Religious Identities in Palestine and Israel ( )
    How the politicization of religion leads to polarization and inherited stereotypes about "Arabs," ’1ews" and "Muslims," and why a cultural perspective based on real history may hold promise.
    By Basem Ra’ad Vol. 8 No. 4 2001
  16. Roundtable
  17. Emergence, Narratives, Perspectives ( )
    Israelis and Palestinians discuss the content and meaning of their national identities and the relationship between them.
    Vol. 8 No. 4 2001
  18. Viewpoint
  19. The "Jerusalemite" Question (Part 2) ( )
    The second part of an article raising the question why there are so few Jerusalemites in Jerusalem.
    By Michael Safier Vol. 8 No. 4 2001
  20. Review Essay
  21. America as Palestine or as Israel? ( )
    American Palestine by Hilton Obenzinger, reviewed by Basem Ra’ad How, in nineteenth century travel writing, fundamentalists created a "sacred geography" of the Holy Land, providing the background for a settler-colonial project.
    By Basem Ra’ad Vol. 8 No. 4 2001
  22. Economics
  23. The Palestinian Labor Market in Israel: Between Globalization and Intifada ( )
    Local, regional and global factors behind the decline of the Palestinian labor market.
    By Yael Epstein Vol. 8 No. 4 2001
  24. Culture, Literature and the Arts
  25. Land, Heritage and Identity of the Palestinian People ( )
    Palestinian heritage developed over many centuries in a variety of ways, under the umbrella of the land.
    By Majdi Shomali Vol. 8 No. 4 2001
  26. National Identity on a Plate ( )
    Food offers a luminous window into the illusive concept of national identity.
    By Yael Raviv Vol. 8 No. 4 2001
  27. Culture in the Time of Tolerance ( )
    How Muslims, Christians and Jews lived together in Al-Andalus for nearly eight centuries, until 1492.
    By Maria Menocal Vol. 8 No. 4 2001
  28. Documents
  29. Arab League Initiative, 28 March 2002 ( )
    There is a Choice: A Call by IDF Reservists, 25 January 2002 Declaration of Conscience by South Africans of Jewish Descent, 23 October 2001
    Vol. 8 No. 4 2001
  30. There is a Choice: A Call by IDF Reservists, 25 January 2002 ( )

    Vol. 8 No. 4 2001
  31. Declaration of Conscience by South Africans of Jewish Descent, 23 October 2001 ( )

    Vol. 8 No. 4 2001
  32. Chronology of Events
  33. 1 July 2001 to 1 January 2002 ( )
    Prepared by Najat Hirbawi
    Vol. 8 No. 4 2001