Vol. 26 No. 1&2 , 2021
NEW GENERATION the hope for change

While Israeli and Palestinian veterans were able to lay the foundation for mutual recognition between the State of Israel and the Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO) in the 1993 Oslo Accords, they haven’t been able to complete the job by ending the occupation and achieving peace based upon mutual recognition between two states: Israel and Palestine living side by side along the June 4, 1967 borders. Twenty-eight years later, the occupation continues, the settlement enterprise is expanding, the 1967 borders known as the Green Line are fading, and the dual legal system and the deprivation of Palestinians of their rights has created an increasingly apartheid-like reality in the occupied West Bank.

In the recent unprecedented fourth round of, and once again inconclusive, Israeli elections, the occupation and Israeli-Palestinian relations were simply not on the agenda. The focus was on “Bibi yes or no” and how to deal wi
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This issue was sponsored by
Friedrich Ebert Stiftung
Table of Contents
  1. Israeli and Palestinian Youth Face the Future ( )

    By Hillel Schenker and Ziad AbuZayyad Vol. 26 No. 1&2 2021
  2. Focus
  3. The Younger Generation: Challenges and Opportunities ( )

    Vol. 26 No. 1&2 2021
  4. Charting a Feminist Present and Future: Young Women’s Leadership in Building Peaceand Promoting Gender Equality ( )
    Young women are organizing in communities, social media, and schools and are taking up leadership roles to change the status quo; stakeholders must be deliberate about addressing the structural inequalities that hinder those leaders of today.
    By Wevyn Muganda Vol. 26 No. 1&2 2021
  5. Youth on the Prospect of Political Engagement and Intergenerational Responsibility ( )
    By building a national framework for youth, we can engage young Palestinians in political and social tracks to strengthen democracy, grassroots, and social responsibility.
    By Wasim Almasri Vol. 26 No. 1&2 2021
  6. Transforming a Dream into Reality: Palestinian and Israeli Youth Struggling Across theDivide for Universal Human Rights, Democracy, and Peace ( )
    Can we more actively incorporate the Arab and Jewish as well as Palestinian and Israeli youth through the respective electoral processes and also encourage them to take a leadership role?
    By Edward Kaufman and Suheir Freitekh Vol. 26 No. 1&2 2021
  7. Youth Political Participation: Challenges and Opportunities ( )
    Many Palestinian youth are disenchanted with politics, and young women especially face obstacles to political participation; still, the upcoming elections could and should offer space for young Palestinians to become more politically aware and engaged.
    By Areej Daibas Vol. 26 No. 1&2 2021
  8. Youth in the Gaza Strip: Reality, Problems, and Ambition ( )
    Due to the Israeli blockade, wars, and the division between Fateh and Hamas, young people are facing high rates of unemployment, poverty, disability, and psychological distress and suicide; they must not be denied political participation.
    By Riad Abdel Kareem Awwad Vol. 26 No. 1&2 2021
  9. From Rabin's Peace to Netanyahu's Conflict Management: The Ethos of Peace and Israel'sYounger Generation ( )
    Despite the Separation Wall and the bypass roads, we have to organize personal and Internet meetings between young Israelis and Palestinians, tell the younger generation of Israelis about the historical peace agreements, and make the Palestinian voice accessible.
    By Shaqued Morag Vol. 26 No. 1&2 2021
  10. Young Entrepreneurs in Palestine: Opportunities, Challenges, Needs and Fears ( )
    Youth entrepreneurship is critical to addressing the economic, social, and political challenges the Palestinian people face, and investors and government must do more to lower the barriers the occupation has created for entrepreneurs.
    By Hoda Barakat Vol. 26 No. 1&2 2021
  11. Empowerment, Education, and Engagement of Youth for Peace ( )
    To de-escalate the conflict and to promote peaceful governance, we need to maximize the political participation of the region’s majority population — youth — through changes in mandatory military service, the education system, and civil society support.
    By Srruthi Lekha Raaja Elango Vol. 26 No. 1&2 2021
  12. Palestine’s Youth and the 2021 Elections: The Burden and Responsibility of Choice ( )
    The shift in the national attitude toward young people is a valuable opportunity for them to invest in the newly found trust they have achieved, but it is also a heavy responsibility and burden.
    By Ayed Atmawi Vol. 26 No. 1&2 2021
  13. Changes in Youth Attitudes Toward the Palestinian-Israeli Conflict Since 2000 ( )
    Religious Zionism has become a very important leading force in the Ministry of Education and its interventions in public schools and emphasis on curricula emphasizing national-religious values over openness and critical thinking.
    By Izhak Schnell and Daniel Bar-Tal Vol. 26 No. 1&2 2021
  14. On the Brink of Change: Their First Vote ( )
    The young people of Palestine who spoke at the meeting were unanimous: They want an undivided and unified political country.
    By Fadwa Al Shaer Khawaja and Yasmin Ziadeh and Lotte Geukes Vol. 26 No. 1&2 2021
  15. Israeli Youth & Young Adults and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict -Some Reflections ( )
    We must ask ourselves: What can we do to enable the younger generation to take ownership of this struggle and become genuine agents of change for peace and equality and to learn from our mistakes?
    By Doubi Schwartz Vol. 26 No. 1&2 2021
  16. Youth in Jerusalem: An Identity Lost or Lack of Opportunities? ( )
    Millennials should be the representatives of Palestinians in Jerusalem, working with different stakeholders to ensure that the Palestinian identity is maintained and, simultaneously, opportunities exist where youth can actively play a role in economic, political, and social development of East Jerusalem.
    By Nivine Sandouka Vol. 26 No. 1&2 2021
  17. The Skepticism of Young Palestinian Jerusalemites about the Elections ( )
    As their dismay with the official Palestinian representatives grows, Palestinian youth in Jerusalem see the upcoming election as an opportunity to make a statement expressing their anger and disappointment.
    By Ahmad Hasna Vol. 26 No. 1&2 2021
  18. As Two Realities Exploded in our Eyes ( )
    We must make peace with each other and our imperfections before there can ever be peace on a global scale; peace leads to collective resistance, which leads to peace.
    By Evan J. Mastronardi Vol. 26 No. 1&2 2021
  19. Each of Us Must Become a Leader for Change ( )
    We see young people finding new, creative, era-appropriate ways to communicate, build solidarity, and work together for change.
    By Jonathan Kabiri Vol. 26 No. 1&2 2021
  20. A Critical Self Account of a Young Palestinian Architect ( )
    The vision for the future may be held by the elite few; but translating that vision into measurable outcomes requires the broader integration of society as a whole into productive mechanisms.
    By Sari Khoury Vol. 26 No. 1&2 2021
  21. The Palestinian Elections: An Opportunity for Youth to Achieve Change ( )
    Youth are a central asset in the Palestinian national struggle yet face many obstacles to political participation; they see the upcoming elections as a real opportunity for democratic change and a lifeline out of the tragic status quo.
    By Salim AbdAlkarim Alhindi Vol. 26 No. 1&2 2021
  22. Viewpoint
  23. Palestinian Elections on the Runway: Taking Off or Crashing Down? ( )
    The overwhelming majority of Palestinians want the presidential and legislative elections to go forward, despite the complications, and Israel is obligated, under the international agreements that it has signed, to facilitate voting in East Jerusalem.
    By Ziad AbuZayyad Vol. 26 No. 1&2 2021
  24. Israel’s Plight: An Absence of Leadership ( )
    If you were to ask any of the party leaders what their vision of Israel is 10 or 15 years down the line, none of them are likely to be able to articulate a vision.
    By Alon Ben-Meir Vol. 26 No. 1&2 2021
  25. Elections Have a Major Impact on the Palestinian Struggle for Sovereignty and Independence ( )
    Perhaps the large number of electoral lists in the Palestinian elections is living proof of Palestinian society’s eagerness for elections — an opportunity to decide our laws and regulations and partially exercise our sovereignty despite the difficulties it has suffered.
    By Ibrahim Sha’ban Vol. 26 No. 1&2 2021
  26. Amalek, the Land of Israel and Palestine, the People who Live Here, and the Occupation ( )
    We can look to the Torah to identify clues that the state of Israel is acting in a spirit of lawlessness in regard to how it is currently treating Palestinians
    By Ava Shaevel Vol. 26 No. 1&2 2021
  27. Two decades of the Arab Peace Initiative and the Two-State Solution ( )
    The establishment of a distinct trade zone in Gaza Strip would improve the lives of the citizens and would contribute significantly to raising the standard of living, which in turn would reduce extremism in the region.
    By Ali Abu-Shahla Vol. 26 No. 1&2 2021
  28. What Conflict Resolution Theories Can Offer as a Different Approach to the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict ( )
    Conflict resolution theories do not necessarily provide answers to mitigate and end conflict; they provide invaluable tools for better analyzing and for suggesting how to diminish cause and symptoms.
    By Michael M. Cohen Vol. 26 No. 1&2 2021
  29. The Art of Engineering Peace: The Role of History in Shaping and Transforming thePalestinian-Israeli Conflict ( )
    In order to successfully engineer Palestinian-Israeli peace, we must implement a history-based people-to-people approach of conflict transformation that acknowledges injustices.
    By Faris G. N. Said Said Vol. 26 No. 1&2 2021
  30. Coming of Age in East Jerusalem ( )
    Given the physical distance and the historical negligence of the Palestinian question by the Australian political system, reviving transnational issue networks of activists working to address a specific global issue area is critical for mobilizing support.
    By Abigail Rose McCall Vol. 26 No. 1&2 2021
  31. Daniel Bar-Tal and Amiram Raviv, The Comfort Zone of a Society in Conflict. ( )

    By Akiva Eldar Vol. 26 No. 1&2 2021
  32. The Economic Impact of the Coronavirus Pandemic on the Most Vulnerable Micro, Small, and Medium-Sized Enterprises: Protecting Jobs, Especially for Youth and Women ( )
    Micro, small, and medium-sized enterprises (MSMEs) are the backbone of the Palestinian economy, employing many youth and women who are already economically marginalized, are among the hardest hit by the COVID-19 pandemic and government measures to contain its spread
    By Rabeh Morrar and Raja Khalidi Vol. 26 No. 1&2 2021
  33. Culture, Literature and the Arts
  34. In Memoriam of Murid Al-Barghuthi ( )

    Vol. 26 No. 1&2 2021
  35. I Have a Seat in the Abandoned Theater ( )

    By Mahmoud Darwish Vol. 26 No. 1&2 2021
  36. For Socrates ( )

    By Jabra Ibrahim Jabra Vol. 26 No. 1&2 2021
  37. The Fig ( )

    By Nurit Zarchi Vol. 26 No. 1&2 2021
  38. The Soul Is Africa ( )

    By Nurit Zarchi Vol. 26 No. 1&2 2021
  39. Three poems ( )

    By Almog Behar Vol. 26 No. 1&2 2021
  40. The Power of Film to Eliminate Gender-Based Violence ( )
    Film employs the most powerful weapon that we as a human race have to protect ourselves against self-inflicted destruction. That weapon is empathy.
    By Heidi Basch-Harod Vol. 26 No. 1&2 2021
  41. Documents
  42. Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics (PCBS) ( )

    Vol. 26 No. 1&2 2021
  43. UNSCR 2250 on " Youth, Peace and Security" ( )

    Vol. 26 No. 1&2 2021