Vol. 24 No. 3 , 2019
Israel-Germany-Palestine History and Responsibilities

Germany, the largest European country, emerging from under the rubble of the 2nd World War, wounded and ruined, accompanied by and sometimes traumatized with memories of its darkest era of history under the Nazi Regime, succeeded to recover and become the strongest economy in Europe. The resurrection of Germany did not lead it to disengage from responsibility for its history, and it decided to deal with that responsibility and aspire to better relations with its victims from the past.

(West) Germany contributed enormously to the building of the state of Israel on all levels and aspects and built a unique special relationship with Israel. And while maintaining that special relationship with Israel, Germany was able to build and develop a cooperative friendly relationship with the Palestinian Authority, the governing body which emerged after signing the Oslo Accords between Israel and the PLO in an attempt to res
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Table of Contents
  1. Israel, Germany, Palestine: A Challenging Triangle ( )

    By Ziad AbuZayyad and Rainer Zimmer-Winkel Vol. 24 No. 3 2019
  2. Focus
  3. Germany and Israel: Changing Dynamics of a Complex Relationship ( )
    A mature German-Israeli relationship means finding a balance between empathy and criticism—on both sides.
    By Alexandra Senfft Vol. 24 No. 3 2019
  4. Germany’s Choice: Balanced Injustice or Bias Toward International Law ( )
    The two-state solution is essentially about creating and recognizing a Palestinian state because the other state, Israel, has already been established and recognized.
    By Nabeel Kassis Vol. 24 No. 3 2019
  5. The Holocaust and the Nakba: Memory, National Identity and Jewish-ArabPartnership ( )
    The Holocaust and the Nakba are two very different events that cannot be compared, but they are both foundational pasts that constitute an ethical and historical turning point for each people.
    By Alon Confino Vol. 24 No. 3 2019
  6. Germany, Israel, Palestine: An Edgy Triangular Relationship ( )
    Germany should balance its historical responsibility for the Jews with recognition of the State of Palestine.
    By Raif Hussein Vol. 24 No. 3 2019
  7. Putting the Controversy About BDS in Germany into Perspective ( )
    The attitude towards the BDS movement should not be guided by a “rhetoric of suspicion”, and there needs to be space for a constructive debate which takes into account the right of self-determination of both the Israeli and the Palestinian people
    By Muriel Asseburg Vol. 24 No. 3 2019
  8. Israel – Germany – Palestine ( )
    It is not necessary to moralize about the Jews having turned from victims to perpetrators to understand that the tragic necessity for a Jewish state after the Shoah was paid for by the catastrophe of the Palestinian people.
    By Moshe Zuckermann Vol. 24 No. 3 2019
  9. The Role of German Political Foundations in Israel and the Palestinian Territory ( )
    German political foundations are powerful analytical think tanks, agents and providers of knowledge for actors shaping German foreign policy in Israel and Palestine.
    By Katharina Konarek Vol. 24 No. 3 2019
  10. A Personal Perspective on Germany's Role toward a Resolution of the Palestinian-Israeli Conflict ( )
    Can Germany play a role to help resolve the Palestinian-Israeli conflict, given its past and its disposition toward the State of Israel and the Jewish people?
    By Bernard Sabella Vol. 24 No. 3 2019
  11. Israeli-German-Palestinian Peacebuilding in an Age of Ignorance and Apathy ( )
    The presence of Israelis, Palestinians and Germans in encounter groups who engage in deep reflective dialogue with one another, has decreased the ignorance and apathy of the participants and provides an important basis for concrete activism towards peace and social justice.
    By Julia Chaitin Vol. 24 No. 3 2019
  12. Israel-Germany-Palestine: A “Two-Sided Triangle?” ( )
    Germany considers the security of Israel among its highest national interests, but what about the security of the Palestinians living in the occupied territories?
    By Mohammed Abu-Zaid Vol. 24 No. 3 2019
  13. The EU: A Lesson for Israelis and Palestinians? ( )
    The European experiment is based on shared history and common values, elements which are lacking in the Israeli-Palestinian reality, where the primary challenge is politics, not identity.
    By Elie Barnavi Vol. 24 No. 3 2019
  14. The (West) German Perspective on Israel: A History of Projection ( )
    Post-Holocaust Germany developed a politics of remembrance that promoted an unconditional solidarity with Israel, however, the extreme right has a reductionist view of Israel which rejects the idea that people of different faiths, origins, and cultures can live together.
    By Marianne Zepp Vol. 24 No. 3 2019
  15. MEPP Mediation in the 21st Century ( )
    Twenty-eight years after the Madrid Peace Conference and 26 years after the signing of the Oslo Accords in Washington, the urgency of a new mediation effort is clear.
    By Dalal Iriqat Vol. 24 No. 3 2019
  16. An Israeli's Thoughts About Germans and Palestinians ( )
    Israeli opposition to anything German due to the horrors of the Nazi period began to change with the 1952 Reparations Agreement, and today one can hope that Germany will be able to make a positive contribution towards achieving peace in the Middle East.
    By Hillel Schenker Vol. 24 No. 3 2019
  17. Pragmatic and Ideological Aspects of GDR Policies in the Middle East ( )
    The attitude of the GDR (East Germany) was influenced by the fact that it was part of the Soviet bloc during the Cold War, leading it after 1967 to take pro-Arab, anti- Israeli positions.
    By Angelika Timm Vol. 24 No. 3 2019
  18. Reconciliation in the Middle of Conflict: An Approach to the Israeli-PalestinianConflict ( )
    Reconciliation is a promising alternative to so-called intractable conflicts such as the Israeli-Palestinian situation, where conflict resolution through peace agreements has failed because of the opposition of large segments of society
    By Martin Leiner and Iyad Muhsen Sulieman AlDajani Vol. 24 No. 3 2019
  19. The Impact of German Youth Tours on Attitudes Toward the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict ( )
    Educational tours by German youth to Israel promote an understanding and empathy for the Israelis, but they tend to provide a limited understanding of Palestinian reality.
    By Yoni Ayalon and Izhak Schnell Vol. 24 No. 3 2019
  20. What About Israel? – The Pivotal Question of the German Political Periphery ( )
    The question of solidarity with Israel or its rejection is a key to understanding the attitudes of the extreme right and far left in Germany today.
    By Tobias Grießbach Vol. 24 No. 3 2019
  21. The Israeli “Diaspora” in Germany: One of a Kind ( )
    Israelis in Germany tend to be from the center of the country and highly educated, more than 80% were born after 1974, the vast majority self-identify as Ashkenazim, are secular, politically left-leaning or moderate and Israeliness dominates over Jewishness.
    By Dani Kranz Vol. 24 No. 3 2019
  22. The Palestinian Diaspora in Germany ( )
    Palestinian migration to Germany first started in the 1950s, became active in the Palestinian resistance movement after 1967 and its focus changed again after Oslo when the center of gravity of the national struggle moved from the Diaspora to the homeland territory.
    By Nora Jasmin Ragab and Katharina Koch Vol. 24 No. 3 2019
  23. Working Through the Triangle: Political Education Against Anti-Semitism Through the Prism of Israel, Palestine, and Germany ( )
    Given the complexities of the Israel, Palestine, Germany triangle, it is vitally important to educate against anti-Semitism, racism and Islamophobia in a country which absorbed between 800,000 and one million migrants from Syria, Afghanistan, Iraq and other countries in 2015 alone.
    By Amina Nolte Vol. 24 No. 3 2019
  24. Generation and Narration in Research and Experience: Impressions from the Trilateral Research Project “1967 and After” ( )
    A German foundation initiated a unique trilateral oral history project on Israeli and Palestinian attitudes towards the 1967 war.
    By Regina F. Bendix Vol. 24 No. 3 2019
  25. So Far Yet So Close – Israel/Palestine in the Photo Album ( )
    Six photo albums about Israel and Palestine created between 1933 and 2015 are among those featured in the German “Holy Books” photo archive.
    By Felix x Felix Koltermann Vol. 24 No. 3 2019
  26. Interview
  27. The Reconstruction of the “Synagogue Fraenkelufer” in Berlin ( )

    By Dekel Peretz and Raed Saleh Vol. 24 No. 3 2019
  28. Viewpoint
  29. Executive Overreach and Its Disastrous Results: The Case of Trump andNetanyahu ( )
    The behavior of American President Trump and Israeli Prime Minister Netanyahu and other populist leaders reflects a new phenomenon emerging in the leadership of many democratic countries: executive sector overreach.
    By Daoud Kuttab Vol. 24 No. 3 2019
  30. The Nation-State Law and the Deprivation of the Arabic Language from Official Status in Israel ( )
    The Nation-State Law doesn’t represent something new but it strengthens the effects of existing practices by granting them a constitutional status, an example, par excellence, of the detrimental effects of ideology, especially of a dominant group on the fate of a subject group
    By Salma Arraf-Baker Vol. 24 No. 3 2019
  31. Book Review
  32. Muslims, Jews and Jerusalem- Ambivalence, Dialogue or Armageddon, by Moshe Maoz ( )

    Vol. 24 No. 3 2019
  33. Hamas Contained: The Rise and Pacification of Palestinian Resistance by Tareq Baconi ( )

    Vol. 24 No. 3 2019
  34. LOCALS: Conversations with Arab Citizens in Israel Edited by Sarah Ozacky-Lazar and Yoav Stern ( )

    Vol. 24 No. 3 2019
  35. Culture, Literature and the Arts
  36. Filming the German and Palestinian "Other":The Making of AFTERWARD ( )

    By Ofra Bloch Vol. 24 No. 3 2019
  37. From “The Siege”, From “Sinbad Faces the Storm” ( )

    By Abd al-Raheem Umar Vol. 24 No. 3 2019
  38. A Final Answer to the Question: How Do You Define Yourself? ( )

    By Salman Masalha Vol. 24 No. 3 2019
  39. Dominus Flevit, The Tale of Itzik and the Knife ( )

    By Amos Noy Vol. 24 No. 3 2019
  40. Learning by Birthing ( )

    By Karen Alkalai-Gut Vol. 24 No. 3 2019
  41. Books and Publications Received
  42. Recently Received Books and Publications ( )

    Vol. 24 No. 3 2019