Vol. 18 No. 2 , 2012
Civil Society Challenges 2012

Civil Society Organizations (CSOs) are playing an increasingly important role in modern societies. They complement the functioning of the governments by offering services that governments cannot because of budgetary restrictions, contribute to community development in all aspects of life and, most importantly, monitor the functioning of governments and complement the role of parliaments in ensuring accountability. This role is not absolute but is affected by conditions and circumstances within the society. And while the job of the CSO is welcomed in democratic societies, it is rejected and suppressed by authoritarian regimes.

In the first two and half decades after 1967, the Palestinian CSOs developed to become an alternative to the Israeli occupation and attempted to build a parallel infrastructure: a Palestinian entity challenging the occupation and freeing itself from its policy of containing or manipulating the activities of the CSOs. Yet the Israeli military authorities
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Table of Contents
  1. Civil Society Challenges 2012 ( )

    By Ziad AbuZayyad Vol. 18 No. 2 2012
  2. Co-Editors of PIJ win media award
  3. Co-Editors of Palestine-Israel Journal Honored for Outstanding Contribution to Peace ( )

    Vol. 18 No. 2 2012
  4. Introduction
  5. Why a Civil Society issue ( )

    By Ron Pundak and Sam’an Khoury Vol. 18 No. 2 2012
  6. Focus 2
  7. Democratic Recession and the Changing Contours of Civil Society in Israel ( )
    Civil society activity continues to be a key counterweight to threats to Israeli democracy
    By Naomi Chazan Vol. 18 No. 2 2012
  8. Civil Society in Palestine: Approaches, Historical Context and the Role of the NGOs ( )
    Palestinian NGOs need to develop a clear-cut political position and direct it toward both the issue of the occupation and the splits within Palestinian society
    By Walid Salem Vol. 18 No. 2 2012
  9. What Have the Israeli Peace and Related Human Rights NGOs Achieved? ( )
    The most important achievement and potential of Israeli peace and human rights groups may be in shifting public discourse and public opinion toward ending the occupation and realizing the two-state solution
    By Galia Golan Vol. 18 No. 2 2012
  10. Palestinian Civil Society Organizations and the Palestinian National Authority ( )
    Before 1994 NGOs were the primary source of political and economic development as well as educational, health and social welfare services; they now compete with and complement government agencies
    By Nidal Fuqaha Vol. 18 No. 2 2012
  11. Building Bridges over the Void: The Role and Impact of Dissidents within the Israel- Palestine Conflict ( )
    To bring about the necessary paradigm shift in Israeli society, the Israeli left needs to appeal to affective, emotional elements that move the collective subconscious
    By Meir Margalit Vol. 18 No. 2 2012
  12. Civil Society Organizations: Oslo as a Turning Point in Their Work Among the Masses ( )
    The role of civil society institutions is even greater than before Oslo: to build a system based on freedoms, respect for others and human rights — to act as a compass for the masses
    By Nancy Sadiq Vol. 18 No. 2 2012
  13. More Relevant Than Ever: People-to-People Peacebuilding Efforts in Israel and Palestine ( )
    The best way to change mindsets and to foster ideas of self-determination, ending the occupation and peace is through dialogue, cross-border activities and physical interactions
    By Ron Pundak Vol. 18 No. 2 2012
  14. Do Civil Society Organizations Have a Politicized Role or an Objective One? ( )
    The role of CSOs is a politicized one, be they American, European, Arab or Palestinian; governments benefit politically, socially and economically from taking advantage of them
    By Omar Jayyousi Vol. 18 No. 2 2012
  15. Citizen Diplomacy – Creating a Culture of Peace: The Israeli-Palestinian Case ( )
    Civil society-led efforts should lay the groundwork for the long-overdue political settlement to the conflict
    By Aviva Shemesh Vol. 18 No. 2 2012
  16. Civil Society: From Advocacy to Social Change ( )
    In a time of revolution and a deadlocked peace process, we need a civil society that can mobilize the political, social, economic, cultural and human potential of our societies for social change
    By Hind Khoury Vol. 18 No. 2 2012
  17. Understanding the Israeli/Palestinian Conflict: Lessons from an Unusual Classroom ( )
    A fifteen-step joint approach to fairly and thoroughly teaching about the Israeli- Palestinian conflict and approaching a mutual understanding of the region’s past, present and future
    By Edward Kaufman and Manuel Hassassian Vol. 18 No. 2 2012
  18. What’s Wrong with BDS? ( )
    The Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions movement’s biggest problem is that it will not work
    By Hillel Schenker Vol. 18 No. 2 2012
  19. Coping with Anti-Normalization ( )
    As the definition of normalization has expanded and blurred, the anti-normalization camp should focus its criticism more narrowly; namely, to those on both sides of the conflict who perpetuate the status quo
    By Riman Barakat and Dan Goldenblatt Vol. 18 No. 2 2012
  20. Interviews with joint projects
  21. All for Peace Radio ( )

    By Mossi Raz and Maysa Baransi-Siniora Vol. 18 No. 2 2012
  22. Windows - Channels for communication ( )

    By Rutie Atsmon and Zahiye Kundos Vol. 18 No. 2 2012
  23. Combatants for Peace ( )

    By Mohammed Owaidah and Teddy Fassberg Vol. 18 No. 2 2012
  24. Directory List of Israeli and Palestinian Civil Society Organizations ( )

    Vol. 18 No. 2 2012
  25. Views from the Outside
  26. The Role of Civil Society in the Northern Ireland Conflict ( )
    Civil society was a driving force both in the perpetuation of conflict and in peacebuilding in the Northern Ireland conflict
    By Paul Arthur Vol. 18 No. 2 2012
  27. The Third Alternative Space: Bi-Communal Work in Divided Cyprus ( )
    Effective peace-building in Cyprus required a delicate balance of civil society work, political diplomacy, and international third-party legitimization
    By Maria Hadjipavlou Vol. 18 No. 2 2012
  28. Prerequisites for Change ( )
    A personal account from the times of the U.S. Civil Rights Movement shows that calls against injustices can affect people more emotionally than calls for justice, leading to a general change in attitude towards those who are marginalized
    By Byron Bland Vol. 18 No. 2 2012
  29. Can Palestinian Third Parties Make a Difference? ( )
    Wasatia, Palestine Forum and PNI could one day play a role in Palestinian affairs with the proper combination of Western support and domestic backing
    By Michael Sharnoff Vol. 18 No. 2 2012
  30. Civil Society in Palestine: Determining the Effects of the Intersection of the Local and the Global ( )
    Palestinian civil society’s role changed from a highly political and unified one during the first intifada to a disaggregated and increasingly conflictual relationship afterwards, due in part to shifts in external actors
    By Steven Weisman Vol. 18 No. 2 2012
  31. The Poetics of Refusal in Palestine ( )
    Refusal, rather than resistance, gives Palestinians a self-definition that goes beyond opposition to occupation and opens an opportunity to create their own lives
    By Michael Hayes Vol. 18 No. 2 2012
  32. Roundtable
  33. Civil Society Challenges ( )
    Saman Khoury, Dr. Ron Pundak, Hind Khoury, Mossi Raz, Azzam Abu-Saud, Tal Harris, HIllel Schenker, Ziad AbuZayyad
    Vol. 18 No. 2 2012
  34. Interview
  35. We want a change in the priorities, the system. We want democracy now! ( )

    By Aya Shoshan Vol. 18 No. 2 2012
  36. Viewpoint
  37. Changes in the Arab World and Their Repercussions on the United States of America and the West, Palestine and Israel ( )
    Peace in Israel-Palestine depends on the Arab World and the West in addition to their own governments; moreover, democracy and adherence to international law must be at the forefront of all four parties’ aspirations
    By Saeb Erekat Vol. 18 No. 2 2012
  38. “Pink Washing” — Wash Delicately! ( )
    The struggle for LGBT rights must be a comprehensive struggle for human rights; ignoring the occupation plays into the hands of the Israeli “pinkwashing” campaign
    By Marc Berthold Vol. 18 No. 2 2012
  39. The Road Not Taken to a Federal Bi-National State: The Committee for the Question of Jewish-Arab Relations 1939-42 ( )
    In the current political impasse, there may be value in turning to pre-State of Israel ideas for coexistence between Palestinians, Israeli Jews, and Jordanians in the region
    By Yakub Halabi Vol. 18 No. 2 2012
  40. Book Review
  41. Why Civil Resistance Works by Erica Chenoweth and Maria J. Stephan ( )
    Reviewed by Arman Hemani
    Vol. 18 No. 2 2012
  42. Prefiguring Peace: Israeli-Palestinian Peacebuilding Partnerships by Michelle I. Gawerc ( )
    Reviewed by Gili Ostfield
    Vol. 18 No. 2 2012
  43. Overcoming Evil: Genocide, Violent Conflict, and Terrorism by Ervin Staub ( )
    Reviewed by Riad al Khouri
    Vol. 18 No. 2 2012
  44. Israel and the European Left: Between Solidarity and Delegitimization by Colin Shindler ( )
    Reviewed by Benjamin Pogrund
    Vol. 18 No. 2 2012
  45. Palestine in Israeli School Books: Ideology and Propaganda in Education by Nurit Peled-Elhanan ( )
    Reviewed by Rainer Kessler
    Vol. 18 No. 2 2012
  46. Culture, Literature and the Arts
  47. From Sadder Than Water ( )

    By Samih AI-Qassem Vol. 18 No. 2 2012
  48. Poems ( )

    By Kyoko Uchida Vol. 18 No. 2 2012
  49. Chapters on South African civil society from his book “Equalizer: Building the New South Africa” ( )

    By Alon Liel Vol. 18 No. 2 2012