Jerusalem: 40 Years Later
Terry Boullata Co-principal of the New Generation School
Prof. Naomi Chazan Former Deputy Speaker of the Knesset
Nazmi Ju'beh Director, RIWAQ
On August 20, 2007, the Palestine-Israel Journal hosted a discussion on the past, present and future of Jerusalem at the Notre Dame Center in Jerusalem — featuring Prof. Naomi Chazan, former deputy speaker of the Knesset, and Terry Boullata, co-principal of the New Generation School. The panel was moderated by RIWAQ Director Nazmi Ju'beh, with the participation of a lively, standing room-only audience.
Boullata and Chazan stood mostly aligned on the core issue: the deliberate and tendentious marginalization of Jerusalem’s Arab population for the veiled purpose of “Judaizing” the city. The Israelis have employed a two-prong strategy since the 1967 war: Build irreversible facts on the ground, and control Jerusalem’s demography. For both panelists, the strategy's implementation has been clear and its success dubious. Despite the separation wall, 12 checkpoints and settlement expansion, Palestinians comprise almost 34% of the population and 90% of the Old City, where the real conflict is occurring. "Demographically, we [Palestinians] are winning," Boullata said.
From left: Terri Boullata, Nazmi Ju'beh and Naomi Chazan
Although it has not driven Arabs from East Jerusalem, Israel’s Judaization policy has ravaged the economy of the city’s Arab neighborhoods. "Forty years of one Jerusalem is a tale of two cities," Chazan said, "a Jewish city that has expanded and grown and developed, and a Palestinian city that has almost stood still for sixty years."
But this ostensible growth is seen only relative to Arab sectors, as Jerusalem remains the poorest city in Israel for the second consecutive year. "Most of the West Jerusalem residents are the orthodox, who don't add to the GNP of the city," said Boullata. This is compounded by the flight of secular Jews to more moderate cities, such as Tel Aviv. "We are left with the poor on both sides," she added.
Chazan and Boullata held the same vision for Jerusalem’s future: an open, shared city with separate sovereign capitals for two nations. For the contentious issue of the Old City, Chazan recommended codifying the modus vivendi since 1967: Muslim control of the Temple Mount and Jewish control of the Western Wall. "It's so simple it just might work," she said.
Prof. Naomi Chazan addresses the crowd.
The panelists agreed on the necessary role of civil society both in pressuring local and national government towards reconciliation, and in exemplifying interfaith unity.
"Civil society can present an alternat[ive] way of how Muslims, Jews and Christians can live here," Chazan said.
Boullata also called for outside intervention to resolve Jerusalem’s divisions. "We need the will of the international community," she said.
Chazan concluded the session by linking the future of Jerusalem with the wider issue of Palestinian nationalism. "Without a Palestinian state," she said, "I fear for the future of Israel and its character."