In the case of armed conflict not of an international character
occurring in the territory of one of the High Contracting Parties,
each Party to the conflict shall be bound to apply, as a minimum,
the following provisions:
Persons taking no active part in the hostilities, including members
of armed forces who have laid down their arms and those placed hors
de combat by sickness, wounds, detention, or any other cause, shall
in all circumstances be treated humanely, without any adverse
distinction founded on race, color, religion or faith, sex, birth
or wealth, or any other similar criteria.
The wounded and sick, as well as the infirm, and expectant mothers,
shall be the object of particular protection and respect.
No physical or moral coercion shall be exercised against protected
persons, in particular to obtain information from them or from
No protected person may be punished for an offence he or she has
not personally committed. Collective penalties and likewise all
measures of intimidation or of terrorism are prohibited. Reprisals
against protected persons and their property are prohibited.
Individual or mass forcible transfers, as well as deportations of
protected persons from occupied territory to the territory of the
Occupying Power or to that of any other country, occupied or not,
are prohibited, regardless of their motive.
Nevertheless, the Occupying Power may undertake total or partial
evacuation of a given area if the security of the population or
imperative military reasons do demand. Persons thus evacuated shall
be transferred back to their homes as soon as hostilities in the
area in question have ceased.
The Occupying Power shall not deport or transfer parts of its own
civilian population into the territory it occupies.