DevMode
3.4.94: A Palestine Company, with a capital of 200 million dollars, is established in Amman in order to participate in projects and investments in the Territories.
According to an agreement in Hebron, Mustafa Abed al-Nabi Natshe is re-appointed by the PLO as mayor of Hebron (West Bank) in place of the mayor appointed by Israel.

4.4.94: The first branch in the West Bank of the Bank of Jordan is opened in Ramallah.

5.4.94: 50 deportees, including the founders of the Black Panther movement and the Fatah Hawks, return to the West Bank and the Gaza Strip.

6.4.94: 40 days after the Hebron massacre, many acts of violence are perpetrated against Israel within its borders. Seven Israelis are killed and 43 wounded when a car bomb explodes in Afuleh. Hamas accepts responsibility for the attack. In its wake, the IOF resumes full activity in the Gaza Strip. The Cairo talks on the application of self-government are temporarily stopped, to be resumed on 10.4.94.
The economic talks in Paris are resumed.
In the Hague, the fifth round of multilateral talks on the environment opens.

7.4.94: Jesse Jackson arrives in Israel. His Palestinian hosts are not permitted to greet him at the airport. Jackson cancels his visits to Gaza and Jericho and replaces them by visits to people wounded in the Afuleh attack.

11.4.94: The arrest of Yassin Bader AI-Saem, whom the IOF claims was the head of the Ezzedin AI-Kassam unit, the military wing of Hamas in the Jebalya area.

12.4.94: After a siege of 17 hours, the IDF destroys the house in Ramallah of a doctor who was among the Fatah leaders in the West Bank. The wanted men who were in the house according to the army's claim, were not found.

14.4.94: Five Israelis are killed when Palestinian terrorists blow up a bus in Hadera (Israel).

16.4.94: King Hussein declares that Hamas is not a legal organization in Jordan. Along with this, the Hamas offices in Amman are not closed down.

17.4.94: The PLO and Hamas agree on mutual cooperation in everyday affairs of the self-rule.
The opening in Oman of the multilateral talks on water.

18.4.94: A delegation of the heads of Israeli Arab Councils participates in celebrations in Jordan marking the completion of the repairs on the Dome of the Rock Mosque in Jerusalem.

19.4.94: The IDF arrests 372 Hamas people. Six wanted men from the Fatah who fled from the Territories during the Intifada are permitted to return to their homes in the wake of the Cairo Agreement.
In coming weeks tens of wanted men and deportees return to the Territories according to that Agreement.

22.4.94: The Fatah Hawks and the Ezzedin Al Kassam Unit announce their joint decision to stop for one month the killing of Palestinian collaborators with Israel, so as to give the autonomy authority a chance "to deal with the phenomenon".

26.4.94: Jordan announces its decision to renew talks, in the wake of a US agreement to replace the siege of Aqaba with land searches.

29.4.94: In Paris, the Israeli Finance Minister Avraham Shohat and Abu-Ala who is responsible for PLO economic affairs, sign an economic agreement between Israel and the PLO. This is intended to apply for an interim period but brings into account the widening of the autonomy. Areas of agreement include imports and customs, agriculture, direct and indirect taxes, tourism, energy, industry, labor and manpower, banking and insurance. The subject of a Palestinian currency has not yet been agreed upon.

1.5.94: An Israeli delegation arrives for the first time in Qatar for discussions on arms control in the Middle East.

3.5.94: In Cairo, the PLO announces the establishment of a Palestinian national airline.
The World Bank decides to transfer 1.2 billion dollars to the Territories during the next three years.

4.5.94: The Gaza-Jericho Agreement is signed in Cairo. At the PLO's request, the Israeli withdrawal and the transfer of civilian authority to the Palestinians is slightly delayed. The following points are agreed upon: the Palestinians will receive a passport from "the temporary Palestinian authority"; the Palestinians will print their own stamps; they will receive an international telephone code; at the first meeting of the Palestine National Council the abrogation of the Palestinian Charter will be discussed; transit regulations at the Rafiah crossing will be as those determined for the Jordan bridge in the Cairo Agreement. Negotiations will still be conducted over the subjects of the seashore and territorial waters; airspace; judicial authority in the autonomous territories; Palestinian prisoners; the size of the Jericho area under self-rule.

4.5.94: 400 Palestinian prisoners are released.
Five commanding officers of the Palestinian police force arrive in the Gaza Strip.
An agreement on transport affairs is signed in Paris.

5.5.94: 1,000 Palestinian prisoners are released.

8.5.94: The team of international observers (TIPH) from Norway, Denmark and Italy enters Hebron.

11.5.94: 275 Palestinian policemen arrive in the Gaza Strip from Egypt. 400 more arrive the next day and a forward unit of Palestinian police in the Jericho area crosses Allenby Bridge from Jordan. 37 IOF officers trained for joint patrols of the Border Police and the Palestine Police also arrived in the Gaza Strip. On 14.5.94 the deployment of 462 Palestinian policemen in Jericho is completed.
In a speech in a Mosque in Johannesburg Arafat calls for a Jihad to liberate Jerusalem and compares the Gaza-Jericho Agreement to a temporary agreement made by the Prophet Mohammad with the tribe of Kuraish. Following an Israeli protest, Arafat claims that he referred to a religious Jihad which has religious but no military significance.

13.5.94: The IOF withdraws from Jericho. Civilian authority is handed over to the independent Palestinian authority.

14.5.94: The IOF withdraws from its strongpoint at the Jebalya refugee camp in the Gaza Strip, the place where the Intifada broke out.

17.5.94: Civilian authority in the Gaza Strip is handed over to the Palestinians. The last Israeli soldier leaves Gaza. Israel leaves 30 facilities belonging to the Security Forces in the Strip, including the Police building, the IDF Headquarters and Gaza prison.

23.5.94: Palestinian police open fire on an Israeli car which did not stop at a checkpoint. The IOF: they acted correctly.

24.5.94: Arafat announces in an official order that in the autonomous areas, the law which prevailed in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip is annulled. Israeli military law is annulled.

27.5.94: The Hussein-Rabin meeting in London leads to agreements at the beginning of June according to which the peace talks between the two states will continue in July and will be transferred to Aqaba Gordan) and Eilat (Israel). Subjects will include delineating the border between them. Steps toward normalization were also agreed upon before the signing of an agreement.
Arafat confirms the draft of a Palestinian constitution which will be the basic document of the Palestinian entity in the interim period and the basis for the constitution of the Palestinian state. The constitution declares that "Jerusalem is the capital of the Palestinian entity". In subsequent weeks a controversy breaks out between Israel and the PLO over the status of the Palestinian institutions, including the most important of them '- Orient House - in East Jerusalem.

28.5.94: In discussions conducted by the Palestinian Authority in Tunis, it is agreed that the PLO Council is the source of authority for the autonomy authority.

2.6.94: Israeli Foreign Minister Shimon Peres meets King Hassan in Morocco. It is agreed on the opening of low-level representative offices in the two countries.

3.6.94: Dr. Saeb Ereqat announces that the date for elections to the Palestinian General Council has been fixed for October 15.

8.6.94: An announcement is made on the establishment of a Palestinian Committee for Human Rights, headed by Hanan Ashrawi.

9.6.94: At a meeting in Paris of the states contributing to the Palestinians, a proposed budget for the self-rule is presented. It is agreed that 42 million dollars be transferred to cover current expenses of the autonomy in the June-August period. The total emergency aid agreed upon at the meeting is 133 million dollars. Following these decisions, Arafat announces that he will shortly visit Jericho and Gaza.

15.6.94: The fifth round of the multilateral economic talks starts in Rabat (Morocco). Emphasis is placed on the needs of the autonomy and on regional tourist and cultural projects.

17.6.94: Dr. Mubarak Awad, head of the Palestinian Center for Non-Violence, starts an operation to open houses sealed during the Intifada years by the Israelis. Some days later the IDF re-seals many of the houses which have been opened.

21.6.94: The Bureaux of the Prime Minister and of the Foreign Minister announce they are ceasing to work with Dr. Ahmad Tibi "because of the clash between his loyalty obligations as an Israeli citizen and his simultaneously being an advisor to Arafat".

26.6.94: The Shamgar Report on the investigation into the massacre at the Cave of the Patriarchs in Hebron is published. It determines that Baruch Goldstein, who murdered 29 Palestinians, acted alone. It attacks the "non-implementation for settlers of the law in the territories". However, no recommendation is made on drawing conclusions regarding individuals involved in the affair. A parallel report by the PLO determines that other settlers cooperated with Goldstein.

29.6.94: 500 Palestinian prisoners are released. The figure for released prisoners thus reaches about 4,200 out of the 5,000 whom Israel committed itself to release. A controversy broke out on this subject in June, following an Israeli demand that the prisoners sign a declaration supporting the Israel-PLO agreement. Finally, the prisoners signed a commitment to refrain from violent activities. Israel also demanded that the prisoners remain only within the area of the autonomy until the end of their sentence. In practice, many returned to their homes in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip.
During these three months, the following number of people were killed inside the Occupied Territories: 14 Palestinians were killed by Security Forces, 4 Palestinians were killed by settlers, 2 Israeli civilians and 2 Security Force members were killed by Palestinians. Inside Israel 2 Palestinians were killed by Security Forces, 14 Israeli civilians and 2 soldiers were killed by Palestinians (all figures from BTselem). The Associated Press reported 3 suspected colIaborators were killed in the month of April and 2 in May. The IDF reported 12 colIaborators killed in April, 3 in May and 1 in June.

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