The Marrakesh Declaration May 29, 1994
May 29, 1994

Aware of the multiple open conflicts and latent tensions in the Mediterranean, the women of the Mediterranean and Europe gathered together for the first time in Marrakesh in order to affirm the role of women in the construction of peace in the Mediterranean.
The Marrakesh Women's Summit, encouraged by the hope emanating from the peace process initiated between the PLO and Israel (and which it hopes to see extended to the entire region), desirous of reinforcing the multiple initiatives of cooperation for the development of the region and underlining the necessity of recognizing and supporting the role of women in the impending peace, has established networks of women parliamentarians, women leaders of non-governmental organizations, businesswomen, and female journalists and students in order to achieve this objective.

The Mediterranean and European Women's Summit

of the need to assure all peoples of the world the right to peace
Noting with deep concern that in spite of the new international context which has emerged with the end of the cold war and ideological confrontation, a number of internal and regional conflicts have provoked massive and systematic violations of the most elementary rights of innocent peoples.
Condemning in particular the inhuman fate reserved for women in regions of conflict, notably the systematic rape used as a weapon of war in ethnic cleansing.
Affirming that the solution to conflicts and their prevention rests in the peaceful resolution of disputes through dialogue, confidence-building, and the fostering of mutual understanding based on the recognition of the right to self-determination and the nurturing of fruitful cooperation through dynamic solidarity.
Considering that the stability of the Mediterranean region is a key factor in the achievement of global peace and that it must be an objective for each of the peoples and bordering states.

1. Commits itself to defending the right to life, to peace and to security at the national, regional and international levels.
2. Declares its solidarity with all the victims - especially women - of conflicts, occupation, racism, and all forms of extremism and violence.
3. Notes with satisfaction the mutual recognition between the government of Israel and the PLO which has led to the signing of the Interim Self-Government Arrangements, as a first step towards replacing the relationship of enmity and occupation with one of mutual respect and coexistence based on the right to self-determination.
4. Recognizes that the success of the peace process necessitates the acceleration of the implementation of the accords to move as quickly as possible from the interim to the final phase of negotiations, the removal of the immediate obstacles to peace, and the addressing of all outstanding problems, notably Jerusalem, the refugees, the settlements, the security arrangements, borders and other issues of common interest.
5. Commits itself to act, to enlarge and consolidate the peace process to the other countries involved, notably Syria, Lebanon and Jordan.
6. Condemns the barbaric aggression against Bosnia-Herzegovina, and considers that it is the duty of the international community to defend the sovereignty and the territorial integrity of Bosnia-Herzegovina.
7. Expresses its solidarity with the people of Bosnia-Herzegovina, and in particular with the female victims of inhuman treatment and unspeakable suffering. A just peace must be guaranteed to the people of Bosnia-Herzegovina, a peace which rejects the policy of ethnic purification and brings to trial all the criminals of this war.
8. Declares its support and solidarity for all the women of ex-Yugoslavia who work together for peace.
9. Our thoughts are with the women of Cyprus and we demand a just and viable solution for Cyprus through the good offices of the United Nations.
10. Demands that the United Nations take urgent and necessary measures to assure the implementation of and compliance with those resolutions devoted to the equal rights of all the peoples of the region to peace, prosperity and development.
11. Commits itself to promoting programs of education for peace which highlight the value of tolerance, sisterhood, humanity and solidarity with justice, which are the foundations of peaceful coexistence among all the peoples of the earth, and in particular the peoples of the Mediterranean and Europe.
12. Commits itself as well to struggle against discrimination, intolerance, extremism, violence, and other misdeeds which endanger women or undermine their rights and their achievements.
13. Proposes to set in motion concrete initiatives to promote democratic processes, development, and respect for all human rights.
14. Demands that the international community guarantee that in the case of an embargo, the life and health of civilian populations in general, and of women and children in particular, be preserved.
15. Expresses the fact that its commitment against war involves an effort to cease the production of arms, the initiation of a policy of disarmament and the conversion of military production for civilian uses.
16. Affirms that the realization of a universal and durable peace cannot be attained without the full and equal participation of women and the promotion of more balanced international relations and the reinforcement of cooperation between states.
17. Calls on all states to implement effectively the Declaration and the Program of Action adopted by the World Conference on Human Rights in June 1993 in Vienna, regarding the equal participation of women and men in the maintenance of international peace. The maintenance of peace is inextricably linked to the presence of women on an equal footing with men, in positions of responsibility at all levels and to their contribution to the choices and political decisions taken both at the national and international levels.
18. Recognizes the efforts of the European Unions in Mediterranean development policy and underlines the decisive role which women must play in the redefinition and promotion of development strategies which capitalize on the specific qualities of women.
19. Convinced that only a coordinated program of action will bring a solution to the vicious cycle of poverty, ignorance, female unemployment, population explosion, and degradation of the environment
20. Decides, on the occasion of International Environment Day, to send a message to all governments encouraging the participation of women at each step of planning for a sustainable development.
21. Notes that although the right to education is a fundamental right for all without any exception, two-thirds of illiterates throughout the world are girls and women.
22. Demands that all efforts be deployed by all governments to eradicate the illiteracy among girls and women in the region.
23. Calls on Europe and especially on the Summit of Heads of States and Governments of the European Union to take place in Corfu on June 24 and 25, 1994, to make the education of girls from the primary level onwards and the professional training of young women the priority of their Mediterranean policy, translating it into appropriate programs that will benefit from financial assistance.
24. Demonstrates its determination and its political will to mobilize every European and Mediterranean government to improve the legal, economic, social and health status of women including family planning.
25. Demands the substantial augmentation of development aid, which must be directly linked to policies for the promotion and progress of women, and in particular to the Palestinian territories in this crucial phase of their national development.
26. Decides to develop the relationship between women of the Mediterranean and Europe, to increase their access to positions of responsibility at all levels, and to create or consolidate networks (WAM Women's Action Mediterranean), in order to achieve peace in the Mediterranean and to emphasize common values while respecting differences. For this purpose, it decides to give priority to contacts in particularly sensitive areas: the exchange of democratic experiences through interparliamentary dialogue, communication via the media, civil society through non-governmental organizations, the advancement of the economy by businesswomen.
27. Pays homage to all the women who have fought for peace and who often have lost their lives for this struggle.
28. Decides to send the present Declaration to the governments concerned, to the institutions of the European Union, as well as to the General Secretary of the United Nations.