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Extracts from the Protocol Concerning the Redeployment in Hebron
1. Redeployment in Hebron

The redeployment of the Israeli Military Forces in Hebron will be carried out in accordance with the Interim Agreement and this Protocol. This redeployment will be completed not later than 10 days from the signing of this Protocol.

2. Security Powers and Responsibilities

a. (1) The Palestinian Police will assume responsibilities in Area H-1 similar to those in other cities in the West bank; and
(2) Israel will retain all powers and responsibilities for internal security and public order in Area H-2. In addition, Israel will continue to carry the responsibility for overall security of Israelis.

3. Agreed Security Arrangements

a. With a view to ensuring mutual security and stability in the City of Hebron, special security arrangements will apply adjacent to the areas under the security responsibility of Israel.

b. The purpose of the above-mentioned checkpoints will be to enable the Palestinian Police, exercising their responsibilities under the Interim Agreement, to prevent entry of armed persons and demonstrators or other people threatening security and public order, into the above-mentioned area.

4. Joint Security Measures

a. The OCO (District Command Officer) will establish a sub-office in the City of Hebron.

b. JMU (Joint Mobile Units) will operate in Area H-2 to handle incidents that involve Palestinians only. The OCO will coordinate the JMU movement and activity.

c. As part of the security arrangements in the area adjacent to the areas under the security responsibility of Israel, as defined above, Joint Mobile Units will be operating in this area, with special focus on the following places:
(1) Abu Sneinah
(2) Harat A-Sheikh
(3) Shaoaba
(4) The highground overlooking new Route No. 35.

d. Two Joint Patrols will function in Area H-1:
(1) a Joint Patrol which will operate on the road from Ras E-Jura to the north of the Dura junction via E-Salaam Road; and
(2) a Joint Patrol which will operate on existing Route No. 35, including the eastern part of existing Route No. 35.

e. The Palestinian and Israeli side of the JMUs in the City of Hebron will be armed with equivalent types of weapons (Mini-Ingraham submachine guns for the Palestinian side and short M-16s for the Israeli side).

f. With a view to dealing with the special security situation in the City of Hebron, a Joint Coordination Center (hereinafter the "JCC"), headed by senior officers of both sides, will be established in the OCO at Har Manoah/Jabal Manoah. The purpose of the JCC will be to coordinate the joint security measures in the City of Hebron.

In this context, each side will notify the JCC of demonstrations and actions taken in respect of such demonstrations, and of any security activity, close to the areas under the responsibility of the other side, including in the area defined in Article 3(a) above.

5. The Palestinian Police

a. Palestinian Police stations or posts will be established in Area H-1, manned by a total of up to 400 policemen, equipped with 20 vehicles and armed with 200 pistols, and 100 rifles for the protection of the police stations.

b. Four designated Rapid Response Teams (RRTs) will be established and stationed in Area H-1, one in each of the police stations. The main task of the RRTs will be to handle special security cases. Each RRT shall be comprised of up to 16 members.

c. The above-mentioned rifles will be designated for the exclusive use of the RRTs, to handle special cases.

d. (1) The Palestinian Police shall operate freely in Area H-l.
(2) Activities of the RRTs armed with rifles in the Agreed Adjacent Area, as defined in Appendix 2, shall require the agreement of the JCe.
(3) The RRTs will use the rifles in the rest of Area H-1 to fulfill their above-mentioned tasks.

e. The Palestinian Police will ensure that all Palestinian policemen, prior to their deployment in the City of Hebron, will pass a security check in order to verify their suitability for service, taking into account the sensitivity of the area.

6. Holy Sites

a. Paragraphs 2 and 3(a) of Article 32 of Appendix I to Annex III of the Interim Agreement will be applicable to the following Holy Sites in Area H-I:
(1) The Cave of Othniel Ben Knaz / El-Khalil;
(2) Elonei Mamre / Haram Er-Rameh;
(3) Eshel Avraham / Balutat Ibrahim; and
(4) Maoayan Sarah / Ein Sarah
b. The Palestinian Police will be responsible for the protection of the above Jewish Holy Sites. Without derogating from the above responsibility of the Palestinian Police, visits to the above Holy Sites by worshipers or other visitors shall be accompanied by a Joint Mobile Unit, which will ensure free, unimpeded and secure access to the Holy Sites.

7. Normalization of Life in the Old City

a. Both sides reiterate their commitment to maintain normal life throughout the City of Hebron and to prevent any provocation or friction that may affect the normal life in the city.
(1) The wholesale market - Hisbah - will be opened as a retail market in which goods will be sold directly to consumers from within the existing shops.
(2) The movement of vehicles on the Shuhada Road will be gradually returned, within four months, to the same situation which existed prior to February 1994.

8. The Imara

The Imara will be turned over to the Palestinian side upon the completion of the redeployment and will become the headquarters of the Palestinian Police in the City of Hebron.

9. City of Hebron

Both sides reiterate their commitment to the unity of the City of Hebron, and their understanding that the division of security responsibility will not divide the city. In this context, and without derogating from the security powers and responsibilities of either side, both sides share the mutual goal that movement of people, goods and vehicles within and in and out of the city will be smooth and normal, without obstacles or barriers.

11. Planning, Zoning and Building

a. The two parties are equally committed to preserve and protect the historic character of the city in a way which does not harm or change that character in any part of the city.
b. The Palestinian side has informed the Israeli side that in exercising its powers and responsibilities, taking into account the existing municipal regulations, it has undertaken to implement the following provisions:
(1) Proposed construction of buildings above two floors will be coordinated through the OCL.
(2) Proposed construction of buildings above three floors will be coordinated through the OCL.

13. Transportation

The Palestinian side shall have the power to determine bus stops, traffic arrangements, and traffic signalization in the City of Hebron. Traffic signalization, traffic arrangements and the location of bus stops in Area H-2 will remain as they are on the date of the redeployment. in Hebron. Any subsequent change in these arrangements in Area H-2 will be done in cooperation between the two sides in the transportation sub-committee.

14. Municipal Inspectors

Plainclothes unarmed municipal inspectors will operate in Area H-2. The number of these inspectors shall not exceed 50.

15. Location of Offices of the Palestinian Council

The Palestinian side, when operating new offices in Area H-2, will take into consideration the need to avoid provocation and friction. Where establishing such offices might affect public order or security, the two sides will cooperate to find a suitable solution.

16. Municipal Services

In accordance with paragraph 5 of Article VII of Annex I of the Interim Agreement, municipal services shall be provided regularly and continuously to all parts of the city of Hebron, at the same quality and cost. The cost shall be determined by the Palestinian side with respect to work done and materials consumed, without discrimination.

17. Temporary International Presence

There will be a Temporary International Presence in Hebron (TIPH). Both sides will agree on the modalities of the TIPH, including the number of its members and its area of operation.

These extracts were selected by the editors of the Journal and at their responsibility.

Note for the Record

Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu and Palestinian Authority Chairman Yasser Arafat met on January IS, 1997, in the presence of US Special Middle East Coordinator Dennis Ross. They requested him to prepare this Note for the Record to summarize what they agreed upon at their meeting. The document reads as follows:

Mutual Undertakings

The two leaders agreed that the Oslo peace process must move forward to succeed. Both parties to the Interim Agreement have concerns and obligations. Accordingly, the two leaders reaffirmed their commitment to implement the Interim Agreement on the basis of reciprocity and, in this context, conveyed the following undertakings to each other:

Israeli Responsibilities

The Israeli side reaffirms its commitments to the following measures and principles in accordance with the Interim Agreement:

Issues for Implementation:

1. Further Redeployment Phases
The first phase of further redeployments will be carried out during the first week of March.

2. Prisoner Release Issues
Prisoner release issues will be dealt with in accordance with the Interim Agreement's provisions and procedures, including Annex VII.

Issues for Negotiation:

3. Outstanding Interim Agreement Issues
Negotiations on the following outstanding issues from the Interim Agreement will be immediately resumed. Negotiations on these issues will be conducted in parallel:
a) Safe passage
b) Gaza airport
c) Gaza port
d) Passages
e) Economic, financial, civilian and security issues
f) People-to-people

4. Permanent Status Negotiations
Permanent status negotiations will be resumed within two months after implementation of the Hebron Protocol.

Palestinian Responsibilities

The Palestinian side reaffirms its commitments to the following measures and principles in accordance with the Interim Agreement:

1. Complete the process of revising the Palestinian National Charter.
2. Fighting terror and preventing violence
a) Strengthening security cooperation
b) Preventing incitement and hostile propaganda, as specified in Article XXII of the Interim Agreement
c) Combat systematically and effectively terrorist organizations and infrastructure
d) Apprehension, prosecution and punishment of terrorists
e) Requests for transfer of suspects and defendants will be acted upon in accordance with Article II (7)(f) of Annex IV to the Interim Agreement.
f) Confiscation of illegal firearms

3. Size of Palestinian Police will be pursuant to the Interim Agreement.

4. Exercise of Palestinian governmental activity, and location of Palestinian governmental offices, will be as specified in the Interim Agreement.

The aforementioned commitments will be dealt with immediately and in parallel.

Other Issues

Either party is free to raise other issues not specified above related to implementation of the Interim Agreement and obligations of both sides arising from the Interim Agreement.

Prepared by Ambassador Dennis Ross at the request of Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu and Ra'ees Yasser Arafat.

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